Brexit And Civil Society Funding In Wales - The Path Travelled So Far And Where We Are Now
This post was originally published at the Wales Council for Voluntary Action’s website here.
Brexit presents many concerns for the future of the third sector in Wales. In this blog, Wales Civil Society Forum on Brexit Coordinator Charles Whitmore outlines the implications of the UK and Welsh Government’s announcements, and addresses the key challenges facing a post-Brexit civil society in Wales.
Charities perform an essential role helping to make a reality of rights for people’s everyday lives. They fight for and give effect to human, equality or environmental rights. These organisations cannot operate effectively without adequate funding. From 2014 to 2020 Wales received over £1.2 billion from European Structural and Investment Fund (ESIF). That is 458% of the UK average per capita.
Despite this European funding in Wales, WCVA’s data hub shows that the income of Wales-based charities per head of population is nearly half that of the UK as a whole.
Will the UK government’s replacement sustain the level of funding for Wales currently provided by ESIF?
Will the sector in Wales have any autonomy within the successor scheme? If not, Brexit will deepen the comparative disadvantage of the charitable sector in Wales.
Demands on the sector are only likely to increase. Outsourcing of public services to charities is growing, as is general demand for services especially in the context of continued austerity. Some organisations also face workforce sustainability issues due to reduced EU migration. While Brexit is an opportunity for positive reform in this area by simplifying administrative procedures increasing accessibility of funding for smaller organisations, careful consideration will need to be given.
The ESIF successor funding scheme, the ‘UK Shared Prosperity Fund’ (UKSPF), has been subject to much debate in Wales since the referendum. As early as 2017 the Welsh Government, EAAL and Finance Committees of the National Assembly, all consulted on the UKSPF. Civil Society organisations have contributed to the debate through submissions to these consultations, and independent research, such as that of the Equality and Diversity Forum, the Historic Environment Group, and the Wales Public Service 2025 project.
In contrast, very little information has emerged from the UK Government. In August 2018 the Wales Audit Office reported on this gap in Managing the Impact of Brexit on EU Structural Funds. Following Jonathan Edwards MP’s July 2018 early day motion we have seen a trickle of information on this issue. The Ministry of Housing Communities and Local Government issued a written statement and an update before the Commons on 24 July 2018.
The design of UKSPF suggested by these announcements may follow lines that diverge significantly from the position sought by civil society organisations in Wales, the National Assembly and the Welsh Government. Broadly:
The UK Government’s plan is to deliver the UKSPF via Local Enterprise Partnerships (LEPs). These would develop local industrial strategies but remain accountable to the framework set by central government.
The UKSPF will ‘tackle inequalities…by raising productivity…as set out in [the] modern industrial strategy’
The UKSPF will operate across the UK and the UK Government ‘will respect the devolution settlements’ and ‘will engage the devolved administrations to ensure the fund works for places across the UK’
Access to the fund will be facilitated by simplified administration.
In the event of no-deal, UK Government will guarantee 2014-2020 funding.
Delivering on promises
Just as delivering on the promise of rights is an important policy objective, so too is enhancing productivity. No doubt the latter is one shared by UK and Welsh Governments. An abrupt halt in a stream of funding in Wales that has been focused on delivering rights would be challenging for civil society in Wales.
Even before the UK government’s recent announcements, representatives of the third sector in Wales participating in the Wales Civil Society Forum on Brexit have already expressed concerns about its priorities for the UKSPF. These concerns include:
That the UKSPF will be driven by economic growth rather than by an inclusive approach characterised by social cohesion, equality and human rights which are at heart of participating organisations’ concerns. This fear has arisen because the UKSPF is rooted in the UK Government’s Industrial Strategy. While the sector welcomes the role of the UKSPF in supporting economic prosperity, the use of the language of productivity only cements these concerns when not underpinned by these values.
Discussions within the Forum have also reflected a desire to see the UKSPF devolved to Wales. Specifically, to a body in Wales with the strategic management, including priority setting, undertaken in equal partnership between the third, public and private sectors. However, so far Wales appears to be an afterthought in the design of UKSPF. Devolution of UKSPF in England is to Local Enterprise Partnerships (LEPs), which do not exist in Wales. No indication has been given of how the Fund would work in Wales, which suggests that Welsh concerns have not been considered.
There has so far been no commitment to the needs-based approach favoured by participating organisations in Wales (see for instance these NAfW submissions by the Bevan Foundation and Chwarae Teg). The Welsh Government and Finance Committee of the NAfW have expressed concerns that the use of the Barnett Formula, (which determines the amount of money Wales receives from the UK Government based on population size) may be used to allocate the UKSPF. An allocation based on population size would result in a significant loss of funding in Wales. Alternatively, the use of a UK-wide bidding system could see funds traditionally allocated to areas in need, redirected.
Finally, the UK Government intends to consult on the UKSPF towards the end of the year, though the Government’s timetables on Brexit-related matters have sometimes been known to slip.
A vast number of complex developments around Brexit will occur during Autumn 2018. Debates about Brexit will be intense and almost certainly disputatious. The topic of UKSPF may get lost within these wider debates.
Organisations in Wales concerned about the forms of funding that replace ESIF will need to work together – and to coordinate with projects in across the UK to ensure that devolved interests are heard by decision makers.